An adult learner with curly hair pulled back into a pony-tail sits at her desk with her laptop, with a bowl and spoon held in one hand while the other taps a key on the keyboard. There are plants on either side of the desk, a brick wall in the back of the image, and a mason jar with dried flowers next to the laptop.

From Andragogy to Heutagogy with Circles…

I spent most of my graduate school years (in the 1970s) studying the foundations of Adult Learning as set forth by Malcolm Knowles who advised educators to move into a new age of appreciation for the self-directed adult learner. His book, The Modern Practice of Adult Education; Andragogy versus Pedagogy (see below), guided much of my curriculum and influenced my thinking for my career as a nurse-educator.

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